In the previous blog we have seen about the water control Internet of things can do; now let us talk about the quality factor. The nature of land and soil are important when it comes to crop nourishment. Just having is quantity of crop is not enough, its quality counts too.
Environmental conditions such as toxic or infertile soil, high winds, coastal salt-spray and climatic conditions are often key factors in poor plant growth and development. It’s not easy to cultivate on a barren land. IoT in agriculture has made it possible to provide nutrients externally as per the requirement. The sensors sense for the moisture and nutrients in the soil, if they are not enough for the crops they are supplied externally.
We can use internet of things connectivity to transmit information pertaining to soil moisture content, PH levels, temperatures and other indicators into analytics programs that provide actionable insight for growers.
The plant and the soil are continuously monitored by the sensors. The observations and results of these sensors help the farmer to take accurate decision. It helps in determining custom fertilizer profiles based on soil chemistry. Most of the times the crops are damaged due to excess use of fertilizers, use of IoT will definitely reduce this loss.
When we talk about quality, crops are often destroyed by pests, causing significant monetary losses. To prevent such situations, the Agricultural IoT (Internet of Things) has a system to monitor and scan the environmental parameters and plant growth. There is also data available from pest control sensors which are capable of predicting pest behavior. This information can be used by farmers to reduce damage done by pests on a large scale. Pest Management and Control works on observation, inspection, identification and record tracking.
There are also a couple of IoT soil sensors that are based on power- savings mode and available at a lower cost. Such sensors can work in the field or upto a decade on just one battery. These sensors are capable of monitoring various factors like soil temperature, humidity, air temperature, etc. This helps to improve quality and helps the plant breeders to monitor and promote plant growth under various climate conditions.
Along with attaining optimum, quality food production, the Agricultural IoT aims to ensure food safety at different levels, like storage, transportation, etc. To do so, it has a monitoring system over various factors like shipping time, storage temperature, and cloud-based record keeping.
In determining optimal times to plant, spray fertilizer, harvest, or take other actions that inform crop outcomes, soil sensing has emerged as a prime agricultural IoT use case. Monitoring plant and soil conditions is simple IoT (Internet of things application), but it can lead to a fantastic return on investment for farmers utilizing sensing technology.